Amazon planning 3,236-satellite constellation for internet connectivity

WASHINGTON — Amazon is becoming a member of the record of corporations planning a constellation of 1000’s of satellites for broadband web connectivity.

The web procuring big has requested worldwide spectrum regulators to supply spectrum rights for a constellation of three,236 satellites.

Amazon hasn’t disclosed who would construct the satellites or once they could be launched, and hasn’t but filed with the Federal Communications Fee (FCC) for U.S. market entry for the system.

Amazon’s constellation is filed with the Worldwide Telecommunication Union (ITU) beneath the title Kuiper Programs. Amazon confirmed its connection to Kuiper Programs in an announcement to table4.

“Undertaking Kuiper is a brand new initiative to launch a constellation of Low Earth Orbit satellites that may present low-latency, high-speed broadband connectivity to unserved and underserved communities world wide,” Amazon mentioned. “It is a long-term challenge that envisions serving tens of tens of millions of people that lack primary entry to broadband web. We look ahead to partnering on this initiative with corporations that share this widespread imaginative and prescient.”

Information of Amazon’s constellation software was first reported by GeekWire.

The Amazon constellation calls for 3 layers of satellites — 784 in a 590-kilometer orbit, 1,156 in a 630-kilometer orbit, and 1,296 in a 610-kilometer orbit.

Many particulars about Amazon’s proposed constellation stay unknown, comparable to who would construct the satellites and when Amazon hopes to have them in orbit. Amazon has not but utilized with the FCC for permission to serve the U.S. market with the constellation. That software would come with extra particulars concerning the constellation, together with how Amazon would deorbit satellites to take care of a sustainable house setting.

Amazon founder Jeff Bezos additionally based the launch firm Blue Origin, which is creating a reusable rocket referred to as New Glenn to launch authorities and business satellites. The rocket’s first flight is predicted in 2021.

Information of Amazon’s ITU submitting got here the identical day as reviews that Bezos will retain full possession of Blue Origin after his divorce. In an announcement April 4, MacKenzie Bezos mentioned that her husband will hold his full possession of the spaceflight firm as a part of their divorce settlement. Bezos will switch 25 p.c of his present stake in Amazon to MacKenzie, however hold “sole voting authority” over these shares. Even after the settlement Bezos will stay the wealthiest individual on the planet, along with his remaining Amazon shares price an estimated $108 billion.

AWS Floor Station 

Amazon and Lockheed Martin in November introduced the launch of AWS Floor Station to leverage the cloud-computing capabilities of Amazon Net Companies to assist communications with satellites, notably these in low Earth orbit.

Amazon’s proposed constellation, in line with the ITU submitting, would circle the Earth a lot nearer than a few of the different broadband constellations beneath improvement.

OneWeb, for instance, is focusing on 1,200 kilometers for its preliminary constellation of 650 satellites.

Telesat plans to have satellites in 1,000-kilometer and 1,250-kilometer orbits, although it’s not clear what number of of its envisioned 292-satellite system would go in every orbit, because the goal dimension of the constellation is 58 satellites above what the FCC authorised for U.S. market entry.

LeoSat’s proposed constellation of 108 satellites would function at 1,400 kilometers.

SpaceX desires to function most of its future 4,425-satellite constellation between the altitudes of 1,110 and 1,325 kilometers (although the corporate requested the FCC in November to authorize 1,584 satellites at a decrease 550-kilometer orbit).

Many spectrum functions by no means progress a lot past the submitting of the preliminary paperwork. Boeing utilized in 2016 with the FCC for a constellation of between 1,396 and a couple of,956 satellites, however mentioned final June that it hadn’t moved ahead with these plans. The FCC’s worldwide bureau informed table4 that Boeing has withdrawn two functions prior to now 12 months.

Amazon’s system, if realized, will doubtless price billions of {dollars}, not in contrast to the projected price of constellations for SpaceX, OneWeb, Telesat and LeoSat. Bezos mentioned final 12 months that he already sells $1 billion in Amazon inventory yearly to fund Blue Origin.

Recommended For You

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.