The 2020 SpaceNews Awards winners

The table4 Awards have a good time excellence and innovation within the international house {industry}. Previous winners embrace U.S. House Pressure Gen. John “Jay” Raymond,  SpaceX President and Chief Working Officer Gwynne Shotwell, ESA Director Basic Jan Woerner and lots of extra.

The 2020 table4 Awards are given to organizations, packages and other people with demonstrable achievements within the house enviornment throughout the previous 12 months.

Presentation and Panel dialogue

The 2020 winners are:

Authorities Mission of the Yr – MARS 2020

Not often has a spacecraft had a extra acceptable title. In early March, NASA concluded a pupil competitors to call the rover flying on the Mars 2020 mission by asserting the successful title: Perseverance. That title was meant to characterize an important human high quality, within the phrases of the seventh grader who proposed it, and one important to the exploration of the crimson planet.

Inside weeks, that title took on a brand new significance because the coronavirus pandemic introduced an finish to enterprise as regular whereas technicians had been getting ready the spacecraft for a July launch. One purpose Mars missions are so difficult is the slim launch home windows accessible to them: if Mars 2020 didn’t launch by mid-August, it must wait two years for its subsequent likelihood. That was the destiny for Europe’s ExoMars, which slipped to 2022 when the European House Company concluded it couldn’t get the spacecraft prepared in time amid the restrictions imposed by the pandemic.

NASA wished to keep away from that two-year delay, which it estimated would price the company as a lot as a half-billion {dollars}, and thus made the mission certainly one of its highest priorities. It might not be simple, although. “Placing a spacecraft collectively that’s going to Mars and never making a mistake is difficult it doesn’t matter what,” stated Matt Wallace, the deputy venture supervisor for Mars 2020. “Making an attempt to do it throughout the center of a pandemic is loads tougher.”

The venture took measures to maintain employees secure whereas additionally holding the mission on schedule. That included utilizing NASA plane, quite than business airliners, to fly personnel and gear to Florida for launch preparations, limiting their publicity to the coronavirus. Late within the launch preparations, they added a small plaque to the rover to honor the healthcare employees on the entrance traces of the pandemic.

These efforts paid off with a profitable Atlas 5 launch July 30, sending Perseverance on to Mars. If all goes nicely, Perseverance will land on Mars in February and start its research of the planet, together with accumulating samples of Mars for later return to Earth.

That launch additionally allowed NASA and ESA to maneuver forward with their joint Mars Pattern Return program, an effort to return the samples cached by Perseverance that includes one other lander and an orbiter, one that may take no less than a decade to finish. Perseverance — the rover and the human high quality — will stay necessary for years to return.

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Industrial Mission of the Yr – SPACEX DEMO-2

From the early days of NASA’s business cargo program, SpaceX officers would level to at least one side of the design of their Dragon spacecraft that spoke to their future ambitions: a porthole. A cargo spacecraft didn’t want a porthole, since there could be nobody inside to look by it. Nevertheless, SpaceX envisioned a day when Dragon would carry individuals who would need to look out that window.

That day got here on Might 30, 2020, when a Crew Dragon spacecraft lifted off atop a Falcon 9 rocket from the Kennedy House Heart on the Demo-2 mission. On board the spacecraft had been NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley, who arrived a day later on the Worldwide House Station. After a two-month keep on the ISS, they departed the station and safely splashed down within the Gulf of Mexico Aug. 2.

For NASA, the mission was a reduction: after years of delays, it may finish its reliance on Russia’s Soyuz to get astronauts to the station. It was additionally a vindication of NASA’s long-controversial method of partnering with {industry} to develop crewed spacecraft, breaking with many years of conventional authorities contracting and administration.“It’s not an exaggeration to state that, with this milestone, NASA and SpaceX have modified the historic arc of human house transportation,” Phil McAlister, director of economic spaceflight at NASA Headquarters, stated after the company formally licensed Crew Dragon for normal missions to the station in November. “Now, for the primary time in historical past, there’s a business functionality from a private-sector entity to securely and reliably transport folks to orbit.”

These folks embrace extra than simply astronauts. SpaceX has agreements with Axiom House and House Adventures for business missions utilizing Crew Dragon, together with one for Axiom that may launch in late 2021. Crew Dragon can allow the enterprise plans of firms proposing business house stations, supporting NASA’s low Earth orbit commercialization initiative because the company seems to retire the ISS in a decade.

“Human spaceflight was at all times the elemental objective of SpaceX,” Elon Musk, founder and chief govt of the corporate, stated after the Demo-2 launch, emphasizing his need to make humanity multiplanetary. “I can not emphasize this sufficient. That is the factor that we have to do.”

If SpaceX achieves that multiplanetary objective, it will likely be with different spacecraft, like its Starship beneath improvement. However Crew Dragon demonstrated that SpaceX has the power to securely launch and return folks, validating a imaginative and prescient that goes again to a porthole in a cargo spacecraft.

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Authorities Chief of the Yr – KATHY LUEDERS

Kathy Lueders thought she was going to the Bahamas. As a co-op pupil, she was advised she had received a visit to “Nassau” and instantly envisioned white sand seashores and blue waters. “I believed I’d received the lottery,” she recalled at a latest convention. It seems, although, that she had as an alternative received a visit to NASA. (The co-op supervisor, she defined, had a “very thick southern accent.”)

The true winner of the lottery might need been NASA. That go to modified her life, she stated, and she or he began working at NASA in 1992 on the shuttle and house station packages. In 2013, she grew to become supervisor of NASA’s business crew program at a important time: the company was getting ready to pick the businesses that may get billions of {dollars} to finish improvement of automobiles to move astronauts to and from the station.

Lueders ran this system with a gentle hand by its up and downs, together with setbacks like a thruster take a look at that destroyed a Crew Dragon spacecraft on a take a look at stand and the flawed uncrewed take a look at flight of Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner final December. That method was vindicated with the profitable launch Might 30 of SpaceX’s Demo-2 mission with two NASA astronauts on board, who spent two months on the Worldwide House Station earlier than returning safely in early August.

However even earlier than the Crew Dragon splashed down within the Gulf of Mexico, Lueders had moved on. In June, NASA named her the brand new affiliate administrator for human exploration and operations, overseeing not simply ISS and business crew but in addition the House Launch System, Orion and different parts of the Artemis program. She succeeded Doug Loverro, who resigned after lower than six months amid questions on his function on the Human Touchdown System procurement.

“I’ve at all times been impressed together with her potential to guide groups and her technical competence,” NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine stated at a briefing about Lueders’ promotion. “The entire world noticed that stage of ability and functionality after they watched the business crew launch.”

Lueders is the primary lady to guide NASA’s human spaceflight packages, however she stated she initially ignored that milestone. “I used to be extra overwhelmed with the duties in entrance of me,” she stated shortly after taking the job. However she thought extra about it after getting congratulatory notes from many ladies. “It helped me notice what the ability of me being first means to them. They’re in a position to see themselves in me, and I’m very honored by that.”

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Massive Firm of the Yr – NORTHROP GRUMMAN

Mergers of enormous firms usually promise synergies that fail to be realized. So there was actually skepticism about Northrop Grumman’s acquisition of Orbital ATK, a $9.2 billion deal that closed in 2018. Nevertheless, it’s now clear that Orbital ATK’s capabilities, from rocket motors to satellites, have bolstered Northrop’s house enterprise.

A major instance: Floor Based mostly Strategic Deterrent (GBSD). The huge Pentagon program to interchange the nation’s strategic nuclear missiles was alleged to be a two-horse race between Northrop Grumman and Boeing. However by mid-2019, Northrop had the sphere to itself thanks largely to its acquisition of Orbital ATK, the nation’s main provider of stable rocket motors.

Boeing dropped out of the competitors in July 2019, saying it couldn’t credibly compete in opposition to Northrop’s value benefit because the newly dominant participant in stable rocket motors.

Northrop’s choice to increase its house portfolio and add rocket propulsion to the combination by shopping for Orbital ATK greater than paid for itself this September when the U.S. Air Pressure awarded the corporate $13.3 billion to develop a brand new ICBM. Comply with-on contracts may fetch tens of billions extra over a number of many years.

Orbital ATK additionally gave Northrop a foothold in satellite tv for pc servicing, business satcom and human spaceflight. The corporate has develop into the primary business supplier of in-space satellite tv for pc servicing with the Mission Extension Automobile. In February, the MEV-1 made a first-of-its-kind docking with Intelsat IS-901, taking up stationkeeping for the growing old satellite tv for pc. A second automobile, MEV-2, launched in August and can dock with the Intelsat IS-10-02 satellite tv for pc in early 2021.

Northrop additionally fared nicely reserving orders for brand new satellites. On this 12 months’s C-band bonanza, it received 4 orders — greater than any contender in addition to Maxar.

In human spaceflight, Northrop has discovered new functions for the Cygnus cargo tug initially developed by Orbital ATK for house station resupply missions. The HALO module it’s growing for NASA’s lunar Gateway attracts upon Cygnus heritage, as does the switch module it’s growing as a member of Blue Origin’s human lunar lander group.

Not each new endeavor has been profitable. Earlier than it was merged into Northrop Grumman, Orbital ATK had began growing a heavy-lift rocket dubbed OmegA to compete for Pentagon launches. Whereas Northrop received practically $800 million in 2018 to work on OmegA, the corporate pulled the plug on the venture after the Air Pressure determined in August to stay with United Launch Alliance and SpaceX as its two foremost launch suppliers.

Even with out OmegA, Northrop has a bit of the navy launch market — as operator of the Minotaur rocket and because the provider of strap-on boosters for ULA’s Vulcan Centaur. On the civil house aspect, it can produce heavy-lift boosters for NASA’s House Launch System.

Northrop’s legacy house enterprise, in the meantime, labored by the pandemic to maintain the $8.8 billion James Webb House Telescope on monitor for a 2021 launch — albeit one which has slipped from March to October.

On the navy aspect, Northrop has a share of the Pentagon’s newest procurement of early warning satellites, a market that has been dominated by Lockheed Martin. Northrop is presently constructing two of the 5 Subsequent-Technology Overhead Persistent Infrared satellites the House Pressure plans to start out launching in 2025.

Given the success of the GBSD competitors, ongoing NASA packages and new business house capabilities, Northrop’s buy of Orbital ATK is trying like a discount.

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Small Firm of the Yr – ICEYE

Like most firms, Iceye needed to rewrite its playbook for 2020. Nonetheless, the Finnish radar satellite tv for pc operator managed to lift $87 million, roll out new merchandise and increase its international footprint.

Iceye spun off from Aalto College in 2014 when founders Rafal Modrzewski and Pekka Laurila started working with ExxonMobil to check whether or not aerial imagery from their small artificial aperture radar may discriminate amongst several types of ice within the Arctic. When that take a look at was profitable, the startup started elevating cash for a extra audacious objective: mounting the artificial aperture radar on a microsatellite.

On the time, solely massive companies and authorities businesses constructed and operated radar satellites able to gathering imagery across the clock and thru clouds. Standard knowledge urged a satellite tv for pc weighing lower than 100 kilograms couldn’t present sufficient energy or home a big sufficient antenna.

After a painstaking four-year effort, Iceye proved naysayers improper with Iceye-X1 launched in early 2018. Iceye launched 4 extra satellites in 2018 and 2019, whereas establishing subsidiaries world wide.

The corporate’s common engineering and administration workplaces are in Helsinki. Operations, customer support and FPGA programming personnel work in Warsaw. Iceye Data Programs UK Ltd. has gross sales workplaces in Guildford and Harwell. In 2020, Iceye established a U.S. workplace and commenced scouting areas for a U.S. manufacturing web site.

Within the midst of a pandemic that delayed launches and complex the duty of producing satellites, Iceye’s most spectacular 2020 achievement was closing an $87 million Sequence C funding spherical, bringing the agency’s funding complete to $152 million.

With cash within the financial institution, Iceye’s leaders can now give attention to their final objective: increasing the constellation to supply a number of day by day pictures of particular targets.

When 2020 started, Iceye deliberate to double the scale of its constellation of three 100-kilogram satellites. The pandemic has made that tough however Iceye managed to launch two satellites and extra launches are scheduled in early 2021.

Within the meantime, Iceye continues to replace its expertise and unveil new merchandise. With each new satellite tv for pc, Iceye builds on the heritage and classes realized from its predecessors.

Iceye additionally retains increasing its product line. In 2020, Iceye unveiled a product to assist prospects establish ships at sea that turned off transponders, a video-like product that exhibits a number of pictures of a single location captured in a single satellite tv for pc move, imagery with a decision of 25 centimeters acquired from a single satellite tv for pc gazing a location for 10 seconds and an interferometric functionality.

In 2020, Iceye additionally joined the Worldwide Constitution: House and Main Disasters, which offers satellite tv for pc knowledge to communities responding to pure or human-made disasters. And Iceye started distributing knowledge to principal investigators by the European House Company’s Earthnet Third Social gathering Missions.

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Massive Firm Chief of the Yr – TORY BRUNO

When Tory Bruno took the reins of United Launch Alliance in 2014, the Boeing-Lockheed Martin three way partnership confronted threats on a number of fronts that put the launch supplier’s future existence unsure.

SpaceX was difficult its near-monopoly within the nationwide safety launch market, the U.S. Air Pressure and Congress had been up in arms over excessive launch costs, and deteriorating U.S.-Russian relations meant ULA wanted to determine an alternative choice to counting on Russian RD-180 engines to launch among the nation’s most delicate satellites.

Bruno responded to those headwinds with Vulcan, a heavy-lift rocket powered by a made-in-America engine competitively sourced from one other billionaire-backed rival, Blue Origin.

Along with taking over the large technical dangers of constructing a brand new rocket, Bruno needed to persuade ULA’s company dad and mom the funding would maintain it in an more and more aggressive recreation.

He made the case that ULA may exchange its workhorse Atlas 5 and the less-used Delta 4 Heavy with a single rocket, decreasing overhead prices and making Vulcan a viable contender. Vulcan must compete on reliability — ULA’s key promoting level, with greater than 140 consecutive profitable launches beneath its belt — and discover a solution to maintain its personal on value in opposition to famously low-cost SpaceX and its more and more reusable Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy rockets.

Bruno pitched Vulcan as tailored for nationwide safety missions however nonetheless appropriate for business markets. In 2019, Vulcan secured two business prospects: Astrobotic’s robotic lunar lander slated to go to the moon in 2021, and Sierra Nevada’s Dream Chaser uncrewed spaceplane, scheduled to make the primary of two ULA-assisted house station cargo runs in 2022.

ULA’s foremost objective, nonetheless, was to safe the U.S. navy as Vulcan’s anchor buyer. That meant ensuring ULA was certainly one of two winners of a four-way competitors for a Pentagon’s launch contract that runs by 2027.

Bruno’s Vulcan guess paid off in August when the U.S. Air Pressure picked ULA and SpaceX as its two Nationwide Safety Launch Program Section 2 suppliers. ULA received the highest rating within the competitors, edging out SpaceX to say a 60 p.c share of the as much as 35 missions lined beneath the contract.

Reflecting on what made this win attainable, Bruno stated: “Crucial choice was to stay to our core nationwide safety market and our mission success tradition.”

To place ULA to compete for Section 2, Bruno needed to downsize the workforce, consolidate amenities and make changes to the provision chain. As he put it: “We needed to face our new market challenges head-on and fearlessly embark right into a basic transformation of our firm.”

Vulcan program supervisor Mark Peller describes Bruno as a “visionary chief with a really sturdy technical background and an incredible quantity of operational expertise.”

For Vulcan to be aggressive, Peller stated, ULA needed to “remodel the complete enterprise.” Bruno’s steerage helped the corporate provide you with new methods of constructing and launching rockets and he motivated the workforce to be extra agile.ULA’s remodeled enterprise might be put to the take a look at within the years forward. For starters, it should safely and reliably fly out its Atlas 5 and Delta 4 Heavy manifests — together with Boeing’s Starliner crew demo flight, ULA’s first time launching astronauts — whereas getting Vulcan prepared for its 2021 debut.

What’s extra, Vulcan should full two profitable launches earlier than it’s licensed to fly a pair of Pentagon launches in 2022, the primary assigned to ULA beneath its NSSL Section 2 contract.

Assembly that objective is vastly depending on Blue Origin finishing BE-4 improvement and delivering manufacturing variations of Vulcan’s foremost engine. It’s crunch time, and Bruno is aware of it. “We should now make good on our guarantees.”

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Small Firm Chief of the Yr – NOBU OKADA

Nobu Okada’s dedication to creating house ventures secure and sustainable is heartfelt, which can clarify his exceptional success in sharing his imaginative and prescient with workers, prospects and buyers.

Throughout 2020, a 12 months of daunting challenges for firms world wide, Astroscale, the agency Okada based in 2013 and leads as CEO, compiled a exceptional record of accomplishments.

Astroscale closed a $51 million funding spherical, bringing its complete funding up to now to $191 million. The Tokyo Metropolitan Authorities awarded Astroscale a $4.5 million contract to create a highway map for commercializing house particles removing companies.

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Company chosen Astroscale to examine a discarded Japanese rocket higher stage, a precursor to a mission to take away it from orbit. Astroscale additionally received the Grand Prix throughout the United Nations Academic, Scientific and Cultural Group’s Netexplo Innovation Discussion board, a showcase for digital improvements that promise profound and lasting societal impacts.

Firm executives attribute the string of successes to Okada’s management and his potential to speak his imaginative and prescient for a future the place firms and authorities businesses work collectively to cease creating orbital particles, take away objects that pose a menace to spacecraft and conduct actions in a fashion that preserves house entry for future generations.

Earlier than Astroscale, Okada labored in Japan’s Ministry of Finance and consulting corporations. He additionally based two IT startups earlier than a midcareer disaster reminded him of his childhood ardour for house.

As an adolescent, Okada traveled from Japan to attend house camp at NASA’s Marshall House Flight Heart in Alabama. There, he met Japan’s first astronaut, Mamoru Mori, who handed him a word that learn, “The problem of house is ready for you.”

When Okada based Astroscale many years later, he recognized a formidable problem: cleansing up house particles. Not solely was the expertise missing or unproven, there additionally had been important regulatory and political impediments to lively particles removing.

Astroscale has cleared among the impediments and is getting ready to indicate its technological prowess with Finish-of-Life Companies by Astroscale-demonstration (ELSA-d), the primary business orbital particles removing mission. By the 2021 ELSA-d mission, Astroscale plans to reveal core applied sciences obligatory for house particles seize and removing.Since Astroscale started planning the ELSA-d mission, Okada’s imaginative and prescient for the corporate has broadened to incorporate inspecting, sustaining, upgrading and lengthening the lifetime of satellites in orbit. In June, Astroscale acquired the mental property and employed the employees of Efficient House Options, a startup growing a satellite tv for pc servicing automobile.

“By 2030, I need to make on-orbit servicing routine work, a standard service in house that occurs every single day,” Okada stated in September on the Safe World Basis Summit for House Sustainability. “To do this, now we have solely 10 years and there are lots of issues to do.”

Fortuitously, Okada will not be tackling that problem alone. Astroscale employs 154 folks in 5 nations: Singapore, Japan, the USA, the UK and Israel.

Astroscale executives world wide additionally play key roles within the international dialog about particles removing and satellite tv for pc servicing, led by Okada who serves as vice chairman of the Worldwide Astronautical Federation and co-chair of the World Financial Discussion board World Future Council on House.

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Startup of the Yr – YORK SPACE SYSTEMS

When the Pentagon’s House Growth Company chosen two firms to supply satellites to speak with each other and relay knowledge to navy forces on the bottom, at sea and within the air, one of many winners was Lockheed Martin, a authorities contractor with many years of spaceflight expertise. The opposite firm chosen to fabricate satellites for Transport Layer Tranche 0 was York House Programs, a startup based in 2015.

Alumni from NASA, the Protection Division, Lockheed Martin, Orbital ATK and Ball Aerospace established York House Programs to slash the price of satellites and improve their reliability by mass manufacturing. Quite than designing satellites to satisfy every buyer’s distinctive necessities, York House Programs seeks to copy Ford Motor Co.’s profitable Mannequin-T program by frequently producing S-Class, a dependable three-axis-stabilized satellite tv for pc for payloads of 85 kilograms.

Sustaining a satellite tv for pc manufacturing line additionally helps velocity up supply. In Might, York House Programs moved right into a Denver facility thrice the scale of its earlier plant. The brand new facility is massive sufficient for workers to fabricate and take a look at 20 to 25 spacecraft per 12 months. By the tip of 2021, York plans to supply 50 satellites per 12 months and have the power to ship satellites to prospects inside months of contract signing.

The primary York House Programs satellite tv for pc to achieve orbit was the U.S. Military House and Missile Protection Command’s Harbinger mission. The 150-kilogram satellite tv for pc with an artificial aperture radar and high-bandwidth downlink launched in 2019 on a Rocket Lab Electron rocket.

Since that launch, York has obtained dozens of presidency and business satellite tv for pc orders, and expanded its product line to supply turnkey companies. Clients can rent York for payload integration, testing, launch companies and mission operations.

Early this 12 months, York additionally introduced plans for the Hydra Mission Sequence to assist prospects quickly achieve flight heritage by launching payloads, subsystems and elements in S-Class satellites.

York doesn’t announce contract awards, preferring to let prospects resolve what info to reveal publicly. Consequently, we don’t know the names of lots of York’s authorities and business prospects.

We do know, nonetheless, that the House Growth Company awarded York a $94 million contract in August for 10 Transport Layer Tranche 0 satellites to launch in 2022. Lockheed Martin is manufacturing one other 10 Transport Layer Tranche 0 satellites for $187.5 million.

Lockheed Martin and York provided “simply an impressive technical resolution, with give attention to schedule as a result of they know that’s necessary,” SDA Director Derek Tournear advised reporters in an August video convention. “We awarded them based mostly fully on the technical benefit and what we thought was their potential to have the ability to make schedule and supply an answer.”

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House Stewardship Award – SECURE WORLD FOUNDATION

With a employees of 12 folks, the Safe World Basis performs an outsized function within the international dialogue on house stewardship, providing info and perception on sustainability, regulation, coverage and safety.

In 2020 alone, SWF hosted 41 occasions together with its flagship Summit for House Sustainability, a three-day digital occasion that attracted a number of hundred members from dozens of nations in addition to notable audio system from worldwide authorities businesses, {industry} and academia.

When SWF was established in 2002 by Marcel Arsenaul and Cynda Collins Arsenault, it promoted the idea of house sustainability primarily in the USA. Nevertheless, the group rapidly gained a status for offering info and perception to private and non-private organizations world wide.

For years, SWF has labored extensively with the United Nations Committee on the Peaceable Makes use of of Outer House (COPUOS) and the First Committee, which focuses on points associated to worldwide safety and disarmament. Earlier than changing into SWF govt director in 2018, Peter Martinez chaired the COPUOS Working Group on the Lengthy-Time period Sustainability of Outer House Actions.

More and more, SWF shines a lightweight on navy house actions. Brian Weeden, Safe World Basis program planning director, and Victoria Samson, SWF Washington workplace director, assess publicly accessible info on direct-ascent, co-orbital, digital warfare, directed power and cyber weapons of their annual report World Counterspace Capabilities: An Open Supply Evaluation.

SWF additionally performs key roles in organizations created in recent times to determine pointers and requirements for house operations. SWF was a founding member of the House Security Coalition, a bunch of worldwide satellite tv for pc operators and organizations that shaped in 2019 to endorse a set of greatest practices to reduce the chance of in-orbit collisions and to encourage satellite tv for pc operators to deorbit spacecraft inside 25 years. As well as, SWF labored with DARPA, Superior Know-how Worldwide, the College of Southern California’s House Engineering Analysis Heart and the House Infrastructure Basis to determine in 2018 the Consortium for Execution of Rendezvous and Servicing Operations, an industry-led group that develop consensus technical and security requirements for in-orbit servicing.

Organizations new to the house sector usually flip to SWF for steerage. Since 2017, SWF has revealed the Handbook for New Actors in House, an outline of space-related rules, legal guidelines, norms of conduct, requirements and greatest practices. The handbook has proved to be so common that SWF revealed a Spanish version in 2019 and SWF is engaged on French and Chinese language editions.

All the information for 2020 has not but been compiled, however SWF’s 2019 accomplishments supply a snapshot of this industrious group. In 2019, SWF workers created 124 studies, displays and different sources. SWF additionally hosted or participated in 102 conferences, conferences and different occasions in the USA and Canada, Europe, the Asia-Pacific area, Africa, the Center East and Oceania in addition to digital occasions.

SWF relies in Broomfield, Colorado, and has an workplace in Washington.

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