As Roe v Wade marks 50 years, what’s changed since the landmark abortion decision was overturned? | World News

Today marks 50 years since Roe v Wade, the landmark US Supreme Court decision that enshrined abortion as a constitutional right.

Rowe v. Wade It was overturned last June Authority to decide on abortion rights 50 states to determine individually.

This sparked a wave of change. Abortions were banned, court cases increased, clinics closed. Here’s what’s happened in the seven months since America repealed abortion rights.

First, what is Roe v Wade?

Refers to Roe v Wade. 1973 Supreme Court Case He said the government cannot ban abortion because the constitutional right to liberty includes the right to decide whether to continue the pregnancy.

Roe refers to the Texan woman Norma McCorvey — known as Jane Roe — who challenged the state’s abortion laws in 1969 when she was denied an abortion because her life was not in danger. . Wade is District Attorney Henry Wade, who defended anti-abortion laws.

The court ruling means that every woman in America has the right to an abortion in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Another ruling — Planned Parenthood v. Casey in 1982 — built on that, saying that states could not have laws that created a “substantial barrier” to a woman seeking an abortion before 24 weeks.

States ban abortion.

In 12 states, abortions are now almost completely banned. In five of these states, the ban is being challenged in court but remains in effect.

The 12 states are: Alabama, Arkansas, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas and West Virginia.

Two more states – North Dakota and Wisconsin – do not have the ban but abortions are not available because clinics have closed.

Georgia has banned abortions past six weeks of pregnancy, severely limiting access to terminations because many women don’t know they’re pregnant — and don’t have the means. Time to get the car sorted – before the six week mark.

According to the Guttmacher Institute, which specializes in reproductive health, those 15 states are home to about 22 million women ages 15 to 49. That means nearly a third of U.S. women of reproductive age are living in states where abortion is either unavailable or strictly prohibited. .

More states may follow.

An additional nine states have introduced abortion restrictions that would have been unconstitutional under Roe v. Wade, have either currently been struck down by the courts or are likely to introduce restrictions in the near future.

Arizona and Florida do not allow abortions past 15 weeks, while Utah has an 18-week restriction.

In three states — Indiana, Wyoming and Ohio — state courts have blocked bans on near-total or early pregnancies for now, but lawmakers have signaled they plan to fight them.

In Iowa, Montana and Nebraska, anti-abortion policymakers have indicated they want to ban abortions soon, but abortion care is currently available.

What happened to the abortion clinics?

At least 66 abortion clinics have stopped offering abortion care in 15 states that have banned or severely restricted abortion.

According to the Guttmacher Institute, the loss of these clinics is being felt across the country, as clinics in states where abortion is legal are overwhelmed by people traveling interstate.

As the institute explains: “These dramatic increases in caseloads mean that clinic capacity and staffing are stretched to their limits, resulting in long wait times for appointments even for residents of these states. is where abortion is legal.”

Oh the study The Society of Family Planning estimated that legal abortions nationwide dropped by more than 10,000 in the two months after Roe v Wade was overturned, even though some women may have privately sought abortion pills.

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The Abortion Revolution in America

Increasing inequality

Black, Latino, and Native American women are overrepresented in states that have banned or restricted abortion.

Research by the Kaiser Family Foundation revealed that overturning Roe v Wade disproportionately affects women of color, as they are more likely to have abortions, have limited access to health care, and have abortions. There are barriers to moving out of state for pregnancy.

The Guttmacher Institute further notes that “people living with low incomes…trans men and non-binary people, immigrants, adolescents and all people living with disabilities are particularly vulnerable to abortion care.” I encounter complex obstacles and suffer as a result”.

Some states have introduced protections.

Although America has seen abortion rights roll back significantly, there is good news for pro-choice activists.

Voters in Kansas Safe abortion rights Rejecting an amendment to the state constitution that would have allowed lawmakers to restrict access to abortion.

New York will provide free abortion pills at four public clinics, making its health department the first in the country to offer free medication abortions.

In the midterms, voters in five states chose to protect reproductive rights. Vermont, Michigan and California added protections to their state constitutions, while Kentucky voters rejected an amendment that would have stripped the constitution of any protections for abortion rights.

In Montana, a bill that would have criminalized doctors for providing abortions was defeated.

Read more:
How a Secret Network Provided Thousands of Abortions in America
Clinics in the US state are offering free sterilizations after demand surges.

Eli Utley and Jay Moyer react during a primary watch party Tuesday, Aug. 2, 2022, at the Overland Park (Kan.) Convention Center in downtown Overland Park.  Kansas voters protected their state's right to an abortion on Tuesday, rejecting a measure that would have allowed their Republican-controlled legislature to tighten restrictions on abortion or ban it altogether. Found  (Tammy Ljungblad/The Kansas City Star via AP)
Image:
Voters in Kansas are reacting with joy after the abortion rights vote.

Medical abortion

Medical abortions account for the majority of abortions in the US – in 2020, the most recent year for which data is available, abortion pills were used in 53% of cases.

Early evidence suggests they have become even more popular since Roe v Wade was overturned. the study suggested that the number of people seeking medical abortions had tripled.

In early January, the Food and Drug Administration changed its rules to allow retail pharmacies in the US to dispense abortion pills for the first time.

However, the abortion pill is now seen as the next front in the fight by anti-abortion activists who are pushing hard to reduce access.



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