Body Fat Types (Brown, White, Visceral) and Locations (Belly, Butt, and More)


Sylvia Corvera, MD, Professor, Chair in Diabetes Research, UMass Chan Medical School, Worcester, MA.

Susan Fried, PhD, professor, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai; Director of Translational Adipose Biology and Obesity at the Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City.

Cleveland Clinic: “Adipose Tissue (Body Fat).”

Nutrition Source, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health: “Body Fat.”

Journal of Obesity: “Obesity, Adipose Tissue, and Inflammation Questions Answered.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Adiponectin.”

Harvard Health Publishing, Harvard Medical School: “What Are the Different Types of Body Fat?” “Targeting Body Fat.”

Physics: “Human ‘bright/beige’ adipocytes develop from a capillary network, and their transplantation improves metabolic homeostasis in mice,” “Brown adipose tissue is associated with cardiometabolic health.”

Sale: “What We Talk About When We Talk About Fat.”

Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism: “Brown Fat and Browning for the Treatment of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders.”

International Journal of Obesity: “Separate and opposite associations of upper and lower body fat deposits with metabolic and cardiovascular disease risk markers.”

Molecular aspects of medicine: “Adipose tissue heterogeneity: implications of depot differences in adipose tissue for complications of obesity.”

Journal of the Endocrine Society: “Fat distribution in women is associated with depot-specific transcriptomic signatures and chromatin structure.”

Journal of the American Heart Association: “Sex Differences in the Association of Body Composition and Cardiovascular Mortality.”

World Health Organization: “Waist Circumference and Waist-Hip Ratio: Report of a WHO Expert Consultation.”

CDC: “Assessing Your Weight.”

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