Body Fat Types (Brown, White, Visceral) and Locations (Belly, Butt, and More)

Sources:

Sylvia Corvera, MD, Professor, Chair in Diabetes Research, UMass Chan Medical School, Worcester, MA.

Susan Fried, PhD, professor, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai; Director of Translational Adipose Biology and Obesity at the Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City.

Cleveland Clinic: “Adipose Tissue (Body Fat).”

Nutrition Source, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health: “Body Fat.”

Journal of Obesity: “Obesity, Adipose Tissue, and Inflammation Questions Answered.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Adiponectin.”

Harvard Health Publishing, Harvard Medical School: “What Are the Different Types of Body Fat?” “Targeting Body Fat.”

Physics: “Human ‘bright/beige’ adipocytes develop from a capillary network, and their transplantation improves metabolic homeostasis in mice,” “Brown adipose tissue is associated with cardiometabolic health.”

Sale: “What We Talk About When We Talk About Fat.”

Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism: “Brown Fat and Browning for the Treatment of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders.”

International Journal of Obesity: “Separate and opposite associations of upper and lower body fat deposits with metabolic and cardiovascular disease risk markers.”

Molecular aspects of medicine: “Adipose tissue heterogeneity: implications of depot differences in adipose tissue for complications of obesity.”

Journal of the Endocrine Society: “Fat distribution in women is associated with depot-specific transcriptomic signatures and chromatin structure.”

Journal of the American Heart Association: “Sex Differences in the Association of Body Composition and Cardiovascular Mortality.”

World Health Organization: “Waist Circumference and Waist-Hip Ratio: Report of a WHO Expert Consultation.”

CDC: “Assessing Your Weight.”

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