From summer heat across the Northern Hemisphere to a brutal drought causing mass starvation in East Africa, 2022 felt almost unrelenting in extreme weather.
Scientists say that while hazards like hurricanes and wildfires occur naturally, climate change is making them worse.
And they agree that extreme weather events are going to happen “more frequently in most places around the world”, warned Professor Tom Oliver, who specializes in ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of Reading.
But what is less known is “the way in which these events interact and lead to knock-on effects,” he said.
“Extreme weather has been implicated in food shortages, large-scale human displacement and geopolitical conflicts.
“These complex risk interactions are impossible to predict with certainty but, as a general rule, we face a more volatile and unstable world as a result of accelerating climate change,” he added.
Here are just seven new records to be broken in 2022:
1. Record heat in the UK has left people and infrastructure struggling to cope.
For the first time, temperatures in the UK this summer hit 40 degrees Celsius, an event. Ten times more likely due to climate change.the scientists said.
The severe weather grounded flights, shut down train lines and fueled devastating fires that destroyed homes.
The Met Office’s Mike Candon said at the time that what stood out was how intense the heat was compared to previous heat waves.
“Temperature records are broken by a small amount and only a few stations, but the recent heat broke the national record by 1.6 degrees Celsius and over a wide area of the country,” he said.
According to the Copernicus Climate Change Service, the average temperature in Europe as a whole was the highest on record for both August and summer by a “considerable margin” of 0.8 °C for August and 0.4 °C for summer. .
2. Europe’s worst drought in 500 years
All that heat blew Europe. Worst drought in 500 years, according to preliminary analysis. The parched conditions dried up vegetation and rivers, killing fish and destroying crops.
The drought exacerbated the energy crisis by evaporating water from hydropower lakes and hampering cooling of nuclear power plants.
What made it so bad was the fact that “most of Europe” suffered from heat waves and dry weather. A researcher from the European Union said.
In 2018, the second worst drought, dry and hot weather in central and northern Europe was partially offset by wet conditions in the south.
3. Drought-induced famine in East Africa
This year, Somalia and Ethiopia experienced their worst drought in 40 years due to climate change.
It has pushed people to the brink of starvation and famine, threatening the lives and livelihoods of 36 million people.
There must be catastrophic levels of hunger in famine-stricken Madagascar. A “wake-up call” to the current and dire threat of global warmingthe World Food Program warned in August, as the country teetered on the brink of the world’s first climate-change-induced famine.
4. Europe’s wildfires – second worst on record, but pollution breaks new limits.
Terrible, scorching forest fires across Europe Fueled by longer and hotter heat waves and droughts.
More land was burned than any other year on record except 2017, when Hurricane Ophelia fueled unseasonal fires in Portugal in October.
But the amount of harmful pollution reached a new record high, with total emissions from the EU and UK from June to August 2022 the highest for those months since the summer of 2007.
Forest fire emissions are a major source of environmental pollution, polluting the air and harming human health.
“This year’s fire season was very intense in terms of areas burned, but especially in terms of [the] the number of fires and the level of fire risk,” Dr Jesus San Miguel-Ianz from the European Commission’s Disaster Risk Management Unit told Sky News.
5. India-Pakistan heat ‘a sign of things to come’
As Pakistan and India plunge into a spring heat wave, scientists warn that temperature records have been broken 100 times more likely than a climate crisis..
They published the study saying it was a “sign of things to come”.
India endured its warmest March since records began 120 years ago, and ground surface temperatures in southern Ahmedabad soared to 65°C in April.
Extreme heat exacerbated energy shortages, with increased demand leaving many people without power. It also wiped out 50% of the yield of some crops.
When the mercury soared to 50.2 degrees Celsius in the southern Pakistani city of Nawabshah, it was believed to be the hottest April temperature ever reliably measured for any location on Earth.
6. Calculating the cost of Hurricane Ian
Hurricane Ian It is the costliest catastrophe of the year, with estimated initial insured losses of $50bn (£41.1bn).
Category 4 hurricane Made landfall in West Florida in late September. With strong winds, heavy rain and storm surge.
The Swiss Re Institute predicts it is the second costliest insured loss of all time after Hurricane Katrina in 2005, surpassing 2012’s Superstorm Sandy, which ravaged New York and New Jersey. was
Reports increased after Hurricane Ian. Rare flesh-eating bacterial infections.
7. Violent floods in Pakistan break riverbanks and records.
Large areas of Pakistan experienced record-breaking monsoon rains from mid-June to late August.
It triggered flash floods and landslides, and saw flowing rivers and glacial lakes. The floods uprooted more than 32 million people, destroyed 1.7 million homes, and killed more than 1,700 people.
The South Asian country received more than three times the normal rainfall in August, making it the wettest month since August.
Two southern provinces, Sindh and Balochistan, experienced their wettest August on record, receiving seven and eight times their normal monthly totals, respectively.
Billions of dollars in damages to a middle-income country, which has done relatively little due to climate change, Rekindled the debate about who pays for climate disasters..
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