It’s been 100 years since American politics faced a comparable mess.

The engine room of the American Democratic machine is headless. Unable to choose its own leader. – Speaker of the House.

Tuesday’s chaotic ballot, where multiple votes to elect the speaker failed to produce a winner, will be repeated until one person wins a majority.

But don’t think that this just represents the dirty orientation of democracy. Fighting, division and bitterness are internal. Inside a party – a broken and dysfunctional one The Republican Party.

What is the background?

In November Mid-Term Electionsof President Joe Biden Democratic party Retained control of the Senate but lost control of the House of Representatives.

The majority and power in the House were handed to the Republicans. Democratic Speaker Nancy Pelosi resigned to make way for a Republican replacement. The assumption was that it would be Kevin McCarthy.

But the midterm ‘red tide’ – a landslide for the Republican Party due to Mr Biden’s perceived weakness of the Democrats – has not ended. Defying conventional wisdom about the incumbent president’s party’s midterm performance, Democrats retained the Senate and lost the House by only a narrow margin.

Democratic Speaker Nancy Pelosi resigned after the midterms.
Image:
Democratic Speaker Nancy Pelosi resigned after the midterms.

So why are Republicans struggling to elect a leader?

Two reasons: The first is because the party has split into different factions – from the far right to the more centrist caucus.

And second, because they only have a narrow majority that makes the math difficult for Kevin McCarthy, who needs 218 votes out of a total of 222 Republican seats.

Why is this important?

In short, without the Speaker, the House cannot start the work of government and legislation. It must continue to hold speaker ballots until a candidate wins. The two camps – the OK (only Kevin) camp and the Never Kevin camp – seem to be closely related.

Look back in history – in 1856, just before the American Civil War, the search for speaker took two months and 133 ballots.

Kevin McCarthy
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Kevin McCarthy

What’s the problem with Kevin McCarthy?

Mr McCarthy seemed confident he would win the vote, but growing opposition has made his battle tougher. Originally there were five die-hard ‘never-ever’ Republicans. But in Tuesday’s vote, that number increased to 14, then 19 and then 20.

In an ironic twist, a large number of Republicans voted for their colleague Jim Jordan, who then voted for Mr. McCarthy and said he did not want the speakership.

Perhaps even more ridiculously, and deeply troubling for the Republican Party, Democratic Representative Hakeem Jeffries won more votes than Mr. McCarthy in the first three ballots.

“There could be a fight on our floor,” Kevin McCarthy told reporters after a humiliating day. “But the battle is for the conference and the country, and that’s fine with me.”

Opposition to Mr McCarthy is led by a faction of the party – the House Freedom Caucus, a hard-right group that wants changes to the chamber’s rules.

The New York grouping has fielded a variety of alternative candidates, including Arizona’s Andy Biggs, who has been nominated by far-right lawmaker Paul Gosser. In the second ballot, Jim Jordan was nominated despite not wanting the job.

Kevin McCarthy and Donald Trump in 2020
Image:
Kevin McCarthy and Donald Trump in 2020

Does Trump have an element?

Yes always. Speaking to NBC News overnight, the former president said he had not made a decision to support Mr McCarthy. But by morning he has come out on a stronger footing, telling followers on his Sachaai social site that he is backing her.

Mr. Trump has been blamed for the Republican Party’s poor performance in the midterms and for divisions within the Republican Party itself.

A record-breaking new Congress?

Yes. In addition to the history being made in the speaker selection process, the 118th Congress is record-breaking in many ways.

This includes a record number of women – 149 – who represent 28% of the legislative body. Diversity has improved in both chambers with 58 women of color. There will be record numbers of Latino and black women in the House alone.

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Ivan is also getting younger. Only 5% of members of Congress are under the age of 40, but about 21% of new members are under the age of 40. Now in the House is a first-generation Z member, Democrat Maxwell Frost of Florida, who is 25 years old.

What’s on the agenda once a speaker is found?

Several Republicans will gain control of several House committees, triggering new investigations that could shake up the political landscape.

Read more:
Pelosi’s daughter talks about the dangers her family faces.
Joe Biden signs law to protect same-sex marriage

Investigations will be launched into President Biden’s son Hunter’s finances, the administration’s handling of immigration at the southern border, the COVID-19 pandemic and the Afghan withdrawal.

Names to watch: Kentucky’s James Comer and Ohio’s Jim Jordan are likely to be the biggest players when it comes to investigations. Mr. Comerhouse will chair the Oversight Committee and Mr. Jordan House will chair the Judiciary Committee.

A real bipartisan focus on China, beyond domestic politics. A new committee is set to focus on competition with China.

“The Chinese Communist Party is the greatest geopolitical threat of our lifetime.” Mr McCarthy said in a recent statement.



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